Understanding Aristotle’s Definition of Virtue: The Five Key Elements

Definition of Virtue

Explore the Five Key Elements of Aristotle’s Definition of Virtue and Learn How to Develop Virtuous Habits and Character Traits

Aristotle’s definition of virtue is a complex and nuanced one, and it involves several different elements. These elements include habit, character, prudence/practical wisdom, training/practice, and choice. In this blog post, we will explore each of these elements in more detail and discuss how they contribute to Aristotle’s overall understanding of virtue.


According to Aristotle, virtue is something that is developed through repeated behavior. In other words, if a person consistently behaves in a certain way, that behavior can become a habit, and that habit can then become a part of that person’s character. For example, if a person consistently acts with honesty and integrity, these behaviors can become habitual and contribute to the development of virtuous character traits.


Aristotle believed that a person’s character is shaped by their habits, as well as by other factors such as upbringing, environment, and natural disposition. In his view, a virtuous character is one that is guided by reason and seeks to find the right balance between excess and deficiency in one’s behavior. For example, a person with a virtuous character might strive to be courageous without being reckless, or generous without being wasteful.

Prudence/Practical Wisdom

Prudence or practical wisdom refers to the ability to make good choices based on reason and practical experience. According to Aristotle, a person with practical wisdom is able to determine the right course of action in a given situation based on their knowledge of what is good and what is bad. This knowledge is acquired through education and experience, and it is essential for the development of virtuous behavior.


Training and practice are key elements of Aristotle’s definition of virtue. In his view, virtue is not something that is innate or inherited, but rather something that is developed through education and practice. This process of training and practice is essential for the development of virtuous habits and character traits.
Aristotle believed that a person can become virtuous by learning from others who possess virtue, as well as by practicing virtuous behavior themselves. This process of learning and practice involves several different steps.

The first step is to learn from others who possess virtue. This can involve seeking out role models or mentors who embody the virtues that one wishes to develop. For example, if a person wants to develop the virtue of courage, they might seek out a mentor who has demonstrated courage in their own life.

The second step is to practice virtuous behavior oneself. This involves consciously choosing to behave in ways that are consistent with the virtues that one wishes to develop. For example, if a person wants to develop the virtue of honesty, they might make a conscious effort to always tell the truth, even when it is difficult or uncomfortable.

The third step is to reflect on one’s own behavior and to seek feedback from others. This involves taking a critical look at one’s own behavior and assessing whether it is consistent with the virtues that one wishes to develop. It also involves seeking feedback from others, such as friends, family members, or mentors, who can provide constructive criticism and support.

The fourth step is to continue to practice virtuous behavior over time. Aristotle believed that virtuous behavior is not something that can be achieved overnight, but rather something that must be practiced consistently over time. By making a conscious effort to behave in ways that are consistent with the virtues that one wishes to develop, a person can gradually develop virtuous habits and character traits.


Finally, Aristotle believed that virtue is ultimately a matter of choice. In other words, a person must choose to behave in a virtuous way in order to be virtuous. This choice is guided by reason and practical wisdom, and it involves finding the right balance between excess and deficiency in one’s behavior. For example, a person might choose to act with courage in a dangerous situation, but without recklessly endangering themselves or others.

In conclusion, Aristotle’s definition of virtue emphasizes the importance of developing good habits, cultivating a virtuous character, exercising practical wisdom, and making good choices based on reason and experience. By doing so, a person can become virtuous and lead a fulfilling and meaningful life.

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